Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. A. Apply the understanding that usage is a matter of convention, can change over time, and is sometimes contested. B. Resolve issues of complex or contested usage, consulting references (e.g., Merriam–Webster’s Dictionary of English Usage, Garner’s Modern American Usage) as needed.

Analyze a case in which grasping point of view requires distinguishing what is directly stated in a text from what is really meant (e.g., satire, sarcasm, irony, or understatement).

Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences are drawn from the text, including determining where the text leaves matters uncertain

Employ the full range of research-based comprehension strategies, including making connections, determining importance, questioning, visualizing, making inferences, summarizing, and monitoring for comprehension

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.

Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well-chosen details, and well–structured event sequences.

Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.