Students can recite the Spanish alphabet using correct pronunciation. In addition, they know the sound each letter makes and have a basic knowledge of the various diacritical marks and additional punctuation marks used in the Spanish language.
Students know the numbers from 0 to 1,000,000.
Students know the various ways to say “you” in Spanish, including a brief introduction to the vosotros/vosotras forms used in Spain. Students understand how this affects social register and conversational patterns.
Students can carry on a basic conversation in Spanish, including greetings, simple questions and responses (¿Cómo estás?, ¿Cómo te llamas? etc.), social niceties (gracias/de nada, etc.), and farewells. Students can adjust the conversation to reflect different social registers (i.e. formal vs. informal).
Students understand the concepts of masculine and feminine in Spanish and are aware of how the gender and number of a noun affect other words in the sentence. They are able to correctly determine the gender of a word by using common word endings, a Spanish dictionary, or the provided vocabulary list.
Students are able to pluralize nouns in Spanish. They are also able to pluralize accompanying definite and indefinite articles and understand that articles must agree in number and gender with their accompanying nouns.
Students understand the concept of adjective agreement and are able to make adjectives agree with their accompanying nouns. Students also understand where to place adjectives correctly in a sentence.
Students are able to formulate questions in Spanish by using inverted word order, punctuation, and/or voice inflections.
Students are able to state the subject pronouns in Spanish and use them correctly in a sentence.
Students are able to correctly conjugate regular – ar, -er, and –ir verbs in the present tense and create original sentences using these verbs.
Students are able to correctly conjugate the irregular verbs ser, estar, ir, tener, and venir and create original sentences using these verbs.
Students understand the difference in usage between the verbs “ser” and “estar” and are able to correctly choose which verb to use in a sentence.
Students are able to express possession in Spanish using inverted word order in place of the apostrophe used in English. (i.e. la camisa de Paco).