Analyze how environmental and cultural characteristics of various places and regions influence political and economic decisions.
Evaluate the impact of human settlement activities on the environmental and cultural characteristics of specific places and regions.
Analyze the reciprocal relationship between historical events and the spatial diffusion of ideas, technologies, cultural practices, and the distribution of the human population.
Analyze how changes in the environmental and cultural characteristics of a place or region influence spatial patterns of trade and land use.
Evaluate how economic globalization and the expanding use of scarce resources contribute to conflict and cooperation within and among countries.
Analyze the consequences of human-made and natural catastrophes on global trade, politics, and human migration.